Seligman Swartzman Gillis Sandman Joffe Yachad Lederman Fleishman

Mattie Levi-Rotenberg

Dr. Mattie Margaret LEVIAge: 92 years18971989

Name
Dr. Mattie Margaret LEVI
Name prefix
Dr.
Given names
Mattie Margaret
Surname
LEVI
Hebrew
מטי מטלה לוי
Romanized
Matle
Married name
Dr. Mattie Margaret ROTENBERG
Birth January 30, 1897 (Shevat 27, 5657) 26 25
Toronto, Canada - טורונטו, קנדה

Birth of a sisterSara Etta Jane LEVI
June 30, 1898 (Tamuz 10, 5658) (Age 17 months)
Toronto, Canada - טורונטו, קנדה

Birth of a sisterRivka Rebecca LEVI
February 25, 1900 (Adar I 26, 5660) (Age 3 years)
Toronto, Canada - טורונטו, קנדה

Birth of a brotherAbraham Abba LEVI
January 31, 1902 (Shevat 23, 5662) (Age 5 years)
Toronto, Canada - טורונטו, קנדה

Birth of a brotherShlomo David “Pom” LEVI
July 31, 1904 (Av 19, 5664) (Age 7 years)
Toronto, Canada - טורונטו, קנדה

Birth of a brotherEliezer Asher LEVI
March 11, 1906 (Adar 14, 5666) (Age 9 years)
York ON, Canada - יורק, קנדה

Birth of a brotherRabbi Samuel Gershon “Mook” LEVI
June 13, 1908 (Sivan 14, 5668) (Age 11 years)
Toronto, Canada - טורונטו, קנדה

Death of a paternal grandmotherLeah BROUDO
June 1908 (Sivan 5668) (Age 11 years)
St. John, Canada - סנט ג'ון, קנדה

Birth of a sisterLeah Ruth LEVI
March 1, 1910 (Adar I 20, 5670) (Age 13 years)
St. John, Canada - סנט ג'ון, קנדה

Death of a paternal grandfatherMoshe Dov Baer LEVI
November 23, 1910 (Heshvan 21, 5671) (Age 13 years)
Eretz Israel (Ottoman) - ארץ ישראל, טורקיה

Birth of a brotherDonald Moses “Moe” LEVI
April 18, 1912 (Iyar 1, 5672) (Age 15 years)
St. John, Canada - סנט ג'ון, קנדה

Birth of a sisterTobey Deborah LEVI
January 4, 1915 (Tevet 18, 5675) (Age 17 years)
Toronto, Canada - טורונטו, קנדה

Death of a maternal grandmotherSheina “Jennie” MOREELL
May 13, 1917 (Iyar 21, 5677) (Age 20 years)
St. Louis, Missouri, USA - סנט לואיס, ארה"ב

Publication: http://www.findagrave.com/
Text:
Shenia Fleishman Death: May 13, 1917 Burial: Beth Hamedrosh Hagodol Cemetery 9125 Ladue Road Saint Louis MO 63124 USA Phone: + 1 (314) 991-0264 Record added: Jul 23, 2009 Find A Grave Memorial# 39782748
Death of a motherMinnie FLEISCHMAN
November 9, 1933 (Heshvan 20, 5694) (Age 36 years)
Toronto, Canada - טורונטו, קנדה

Address: Burial: Jones Avenue Cemetery, Toronto, Toronto Municipality, Ontario, Canada
Publication: http://www.findagrave.com/
Text:
Birth: unknown Death: Nov. 9, 1933 Burial: Jones Avenue Cemetery Toronto Toronto Municipality Ontario, Canada Plot: JONES AVE. G.T., *A,, M, 24 Created by: P. Tyrie Record added: Aug 12, 2016 Find A Grave Memorial# 168111712
Marriage of a siblingIra Dolkart SKLOVSKYTobey Deborah LEVIView this family
February 5, 1935 (Adar I 2, 5695) (Age 38 years)
Toronto, Canada - טורונטו, קנדה

Death of a fatherPaul Arthur LEVI
August 27, 1943 (Av 26, 5703) (Age 46 years)
Toronto, Canada - טורונטו, קנדה

Occupation
Physicist
between 1941 (5701) and 1968 (5728) (Age 43 years)
Toronto, Canada - פיזיקאית

Address: Department of Physics, 60 St. George St., Toronto, Ontario, M5S 1A7, Canada
Employer: University of Toronto
Note: Rotenberg earned her B.A. in mathematics and physics at the University of Toronto in 1921, and in 19…
Death of a brotherShlomo David “Pom” LEVI
October 24, 1976 (Tishrei 30, 5737) (Age 79 years)
Death of a brotherEliezer Asher LEVI
April 19, 1978 (Nissan 12, 5738) (Age 81 years)
Death of a brotherDonald Moses “Moe” LEVI
April 23, 1981 (Nissan 19, 5741) (Age 84 years)
Toronto, Canada - טורונטו, קנדה

Death of a sisterRivka Rebecca LEVI
January 4, 1988 (Tevet 14, 5748) (Age 90 years)
Death November 8, 1989 (Heshvan 10, 5750) (Age 92 years)
Toronto, Canada - טורונטו, קנדה

Address: Burial: Jones Avenue Cemetery, Toronto, Toronto Municipality, Ontario, Canada, Plot: JONES AVE. C.K., *B, SOUTH, 15, 7
Publication: http://www.findagrave.com/
Text:
Birth: unknown Death: Nov. 8, 1989 Burial: Jones Avenue Cemetery Toronto Toronto Municipality Ontario, Canada Plot: JONES AVE. C.K., *B, SOUTH, 15, 7 Created by: P. Tyrie Record added: Aug 12, 2016 Find A Grave Memorial# 168111927
Family with parents - View this family
father
mother
Marriage: 1895 (5655)Chicago, Illinois, USA
2 years
herself
Mattie Levi-RotenbergDr. Mattie Margaret LEVI
מטי מטלה לוי
Birth: January 30, 1897 (Shevat 27, 5657) 26 25Toronto, Canada
Death: November 8, 1989 (Heshvan 10, 5750)Toronto, Canada
17 months
younger sister
Sara Etta Jane LEVI
שרה אטה ג'יין לוי
Birth: June 30, 1898 (Tamuz 10, 5658) 27 26Toronto, Canada
Death: March 29, 1994 (Nissan 17, 5754)Toronto, Canada
20 months
younger sister
Rivka Rebecca LEVI
רבקה לוי
Birth: February 25, 1900 (Adar I 26, 5660) 29 28Toronto, Canada
Death: January 4, 1988 (Tevet 14, 5748)Miami, Florida, USA
23 months
younger brother
Abraham Abba LEVI
אברהם אבא לוי
Birth: January 31, 1902 (Shevat 23, 5662) 31 30Toronto, Canada
Death: July 8, 1992 (Tamuz 7, 5752)Detroit, Michigan, USA
3 years
younger brother
Shlomo David “Pom” LEVI
שלמה דוד לוי
Birth: July 31, 1904 (Av 19, 5664) 33 32Toronto, Canada
Death: October 24, 1976 (Tishrei 30, 5737)Detroit, Michigan, USA
19 months
younger brother
Eliezer Asher LEVI
אליעזר אשר לוי
Birth: March 11, 1906 (Adar 14, 5666) 35 34York ON, Canada
Death: April 19, 1978 (Nissan 12, 5738)Miami, Florida, USA
2 years
younger brother
Rabbi Samuel Gershon “Mook” LEVI
שמואל גרשון לוי
Birth: June 13, 1908 (Sivan 14, 5668) 37 36Toronto, Canada
Death: April 5, 1990 (Nissan 10, 5750)Jerusalem, Israel
21 months
younger sister
Leah Ruth LEVI
לאה רות לוי
Birth: March 1, 1910 (Adar I 20, 5670) 39 38St. John, Canada
Death: May 8, 1991 (Iyar 24, 5751)Detroit, Michigan, USA
2 years
younger brother
Donald Moses “Moe” LEVI
דונאלד משה לוי
Birth: April 18, 1912 (Iyar 1, 5672) 41 40St. John, Canada
Death: April 23, 1981 (Nissan 19, 5741)Toronto, Canada
3 years
younger sister
Tobey Deborah LEVI
טובי דבורה לוי
Birth: January 4, 1915 (Tevet 18, 5675) 44 43Toronto, Canada
Death: February 8, 1997 (Adar I 1, 5757)Detroit, Michigan, USA

DeathFind a Grave - USA
Publication: http://www.findagrave.com/
Text:
Birth: unknown Death: Nov. 8, 1989 Burial: Jones Avenue Cemetery Toronto Toronto Municipality Ontario, Canada Plot: JONES AVE. C.K., *B, SOUTH, 15, 7 Created by: P. Tyrie Record added: Aug 12, 2016 Find A Grave Memorial# 168111927
SourceStella Baldev - Personal Testimony
Publication: Email from Stella Baldev, September 2010 sbaldev@comcast.net
SourceElla Fleishman-Auerbach & Dorothy Fleishman-Schucart - personal testimonies
Publication: 'Fleishman Family History''' by Ella Fleishman Auerbach of Omaha NE, USA. 1965. Fleishman family hostory by Dorothy Fleishman Schucart, Los Angeles, USA. 1985.
SourceGross-Weinberg Family Tree
Publication: http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/79955952/family
Text:
Birth 30 Jan 1897 • Toronto, Ontario, Canada 1 Source 1897 (AGE) Birth of Sister Sarah Etta Jane Levi(1898–1994) 30 Jun 1898 • York, Ontario, Canada 1898 1 Birth of Half-Sister Sara Etta Jane Levi(1898–1994) 30 Jun 1898 • York, Ontario, Canada 1898 1 Birth of Sister Rivka Rebecca Levi(1900–1988) Feb 25, 1900 • Toronto, Ontario, Canada 1900 3 Birth of Half-Sister Rivka Rebecca Levi(1900–1988) Feb 25, 1900 • Toronto, Ontario, Canada 1900 3 Birth of Brother Abraham Abbe Levi(1902–1992) Jan 31, 1902 • Toronto, Ontario, Canada 1902 4 Birth of Half-Brother Abraham Abbe Levi(1902–1992) Jan 31, 1902 • Toronto, Ontario, Canada 1902 4 Birth of Brother Shlomo (David) Levi(1904–1976) Jul 31, 1904 • Toronto, Ontario, Canada 1904 7 Birth of Half-Brother Shlomo (David) Levi(1904–1976) Jul 31, 1904 • Toronto, Ontario, Canada 1904 7 Birth of Brother Leiser Osher (Eliezer) Levi(1906–1978) Mar 11, 1906 • York, Ontario, Canada 1906 9 Birth of Half-Brother Leiser Osher (Eliezer) Levi(1906–1978) Mar 11, 1906 • Toronto, Ontario, Canada 1906 9 Birth of Brother Samuel Gershon Mookie Levi(1908–1990) Jun 13, 1908 • Toronto, Ontario, Canada 1908 11 Birth of Half-Brother Samuel Gershon Mookie Levi(1908–1990) Jun 13, 1908 • Toronto, Ontario, Canada 1908 11 Birth of Sister Leah Ruth Levi(1910–1991) Mar 1, 1910 • St. John, New Brunswick, Canada 1910 13 Birth of Half-Sister Leah Ruth Levi(1910–1991) Mar 1, 1910 • St. John, New Brunswick, Canada 1910 13 Birth of Brother Donald Moses Moe Levi(1912–1981) Apr 18, 1912 • St. John, New Brunswick, Canada 1912 15 Birth of Half-Brother Donald Moses Moe Levi(1912–1981) Apr 18, 1912 • St. John, New Brunswick, Canada 1912 15 Birth of Sister Tobey Deborah Levi(1915–1997) Jan 4, 1915 • Toronto, Ontario, Canada 1915 17 Birth of Half-Sister Tobey Deborah Levi(1915–1997) Jan 4, 1915 • Toronto, Ontario, Canada 1915 17 Marriage 28 Oct 1924 • York, Ontario, Canada Meyer Rotenberg (1894–1958) 1 Source 1924 27 Birth of Daughter Aubey? Rotenberg(1925–2013) 9 September 1925 1925 28 Birth of Daughter Lailla Rotenberg(1928–) 25 Mar 1928 1928 31 Death of Mother Minnie Fleishman(1871–1933) 9 Nov 1933 • Toronto, 1654339, Ontario, Canada 1933 36 Birth of Son Arthur Daniel Rotenberg(1934–2000) 21 Jul 1934 • Toronto, Ontario, Canada 1934 37 Death of Father Paul Arthur Pessach Aryeh Levi(1871–1943) Aug 27, 1943 • Toronto, Ontario, Canada 1943 46 Death of Husband Meyer Rotenberg(1894–1958) 20 Jun 1958 • Toronto, Ontario, Canada 1958 61 Death of Brother Shlomo (David) Levi(1904–1976) Oct 24, 1976 • Detroit Michigan 1976 79 Death of Half-Brother Shlomo (David) Levi(1904–1976) Oct 24, 1976 • Detroit, Wayne, Michigan, United States 1976 79 Death of Brother Leiser Osher (Eliezer) Levi(1906–1978) Apr 19, 1978 • Miami, Florida, USA 1978 81 Death of Half-Brother Leiser Osher (Eliezer) Levi(1906–1978) Apr 19, 1978 • Miami, Florida, USA 1978 81 Death of Brother Donald Moses Moe Levi(1912–1981) Apr 23, 1981 • Toronto, Ontario, Canada 1981 84 Death of Half-Brother Donald Moses Moe Levi(1912–1981) Apr 23, 1981 • Toronto, Ontario, Canada 1981 84 Death of Sister Rivka Rebecca Levi(1900–1988) Jan 4, 1988 • Dade, Florida, United States 1988 90 Death of Half-Sister Rivka Rebecca Levi(1900–1988) Jan 4, 1988 • Dade, Florida, United States 1988 90 Death of Half-Sister Mattie (Margaret) Levi(1897–1989) Nov 8, 1989 • Ontario, Canada 1989 92 Death Nov 8, 1989 • Ontario, Canada 1989 92
Occupation
Rotenberg earned her B.A. in mathematics and physics at the University of Toronto in 1921, and in 1926 she became the first woman and the first Jew to be granted a doctorate in physics at that institution. Recipient of several National Research Council Scholarships. Her research focused on photo-electric properties of fluorescent crystals. Her dissertation, “On the Characteristic X-Rays from Light Elements,” had already been published in 1924 in the Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada. From 1941 to 1968, she worked as a demonstrator in the university physics laboratory.
Note
Mattie Rotenberg 1897 – 1989 Journalist, educator, homemaker, and community stalwart with a Ph.D. in physics, Mattie (née Levi) Rotenberg was born in Toronto to parents who had immigrated as teenagers when Jewish Toronto was a village with a population of barely 2000. Her father, Paul Levi (1871–1942), came from Mogilev in Russia and her mother, Minnie Fleishman (1872–1933), from what is now Latvia. Her brother was Rabbi S. Gershon Levi (1908–1990). Unlike most Toronto Jews, who were (and are) of Polish origin, the Levis were Litvaks (Lithuanian). Rotenberg earned her B.A. in mathematics and physics at the University of Toronto in 1921, and in 1926 she became the first woman and the first Jew to be granted a doctorate in physics at that institution. Her dissertation, “On the Characteristic X-Rays from Light Elements,” had already been published in 1924 in the Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada. From 1941 to 1968, she worked as a demonstrator in the university physics laboratory. In those years senior appointments at Toronto in any field were very rarely given to women and almost never to Jews. Meyer Rotenberg (1894–1958), a lawyer and businessman whom Mattie married in 1924, had come to Toronto as a boy from Ivansk (Iwaniska) in Russian Poland. The town was the birthplace of many future Jewish Torontonians, thanks to Meyer’s father, who acted as a travel and informal immigration agent for Jews. The newly married couple decided upon a life style that was to be different from that of other first- and second-generation Canadian Jews. In an era when “No Jews allowed!” signs were common on Toronto lawns, they “invented for their family” of five children, Aubey (b.1925), Hart (b. 1926), Lailla (Rapoport, b. 1928), David (b.1930), and Daniel (1934–2000), “a unique culture of [Jewishly] observant Anglo-Saxon aristocracy illuminated by reason and bolstered by education,” as her granddaughter, writer Nessa Rapoport (b. 1953) has put it. To ensure that her children would receive a holistic education well grounded in both Jewish and secular studies, Mattie founded the Hillcrest Progressive School in 1929, Toronto’s first Jewish day school. She served as its director and in other capacities until 1944, when the youngest of her children left the school. In 2003, the school was still in existence, but only as a pre-school and no longer exclusively Jewish, although its curriculum retained an “emphasis on Jewish tradition.” In 1930, Rotenberg embarked upon a second career as a journalist. She joined the staff of The Jewish Standard under editor Meyer Weisgal and for two years edited the women’s section and wrote a weekly column, “As the Woman Sees It.” From 1939 to 1966 she was a regular commentator on the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation’s (CBC) “Trans-Canada Matinée,” a program dedicated to women’s issues. In her broadcast of April 12, 1943, she reported in detail about the Final Solution to a country which had the least generous record regarding Jewish refugees of any in the Western world. In 1945 she received the Canadian Women’s Press Club Memorial Award for a radio program entitled “The Post-War Woman,” and in 1947 she covered the sessions of the UN Status of Women Commission for the CBC. For Rotenberg, family relationships always took precedence over career, and she might well have chosen a part-time, unconventional career trajectory had options been available. In Toronto in her day, however, there were none. It was a city that was proud of its conservatism and not embarrassed by its racism. Mattie Rotenberg turned adversity into an opportunity for an interesting life. From: Jewish Women's Archive http://jwa.org/encyclopedia/article/rotenberg-mattie
Note
Mattie Levi Rotenberg 1897 – 1989 by Nessa Rapoport Writer Nessa Rapoport was fortunate: her grandmother was not only long lived; she was extraordinarily accomplished. When Mattie Levi Rotenberg died at 92, Rapoport turned to relatives and archivists to help her trace the long and eventful life of the first woman and first Jew to receive a doctorate in physics from the University of Toronto. While working three days a week in a university lab, she raised five children in an observant household, started the first Jewish day school in her native Toronto, and broadcast a regular feature on CBC Radio. by Nessa Rapoport "You're writing about your grandmother?" a friend inquires. "Yes," I tell her. "The one who had a Ph.D. in physics." "What about the grandmother who was a radio broadcaster?" "It's the same one," I say. Born in 1897 in Toronto, Canada, the oldest of 10 children, my grandmother was a "flash," to use the slang applied to her at the turn of the 20th century. Evidently brilliant from the earliest years, she excelled in school. Her 19 grandchildren grew up knowing that she had read all of Shakespeare by the time she was 12. My grandmother had a mind that seemed to retain everything she read or heard. In speaking to me in the 1980s, she might quote a lively conversation she'd had with a stranger while on her European honeymoon in 1924, recite a beloved poem by Tennyson, or use an inadvertent witticism of the woman who helped her in the house when her children were young. When I picture her, she is leafing through the New Statesman, completing in ink an anagram crossword puzzle, or rereading for pleasure Black Lamb and Grey Falcon, Rebecca West's two-volume history of the Balkans. Bub, as we called her, understood the voluptuousness of reading. It is not surprising that she was a splendid writer. In 1930, Meyer Weisgal, the political representative of Chaim Weizmann in North America, was in Toronto, where he edited the journal The Jewish Standard. From 1930–32, Bub was editor of the women's section. Her weekly column, "As the Woman Sees It," is written in prose so crystalline and eloquent it remains daunting to her granddaughter. From 1939 until 1966, she wrote and broadcast regularly her commentary on the CBC, Canada's national radio, on a program devoted to women's issues called "Trans-Canada Matinee." When I was growing up we had in our house a recording of the broadcast Bub delivered on April 12, 1943. In a country where, it emerged long after the war, a shameful 500 refugees were admitted from 1939 to 1945, my grandmother gave a detailed report about the Final Solution, condemning the Western nations, including Canada, for their indifference: "Asking themselves the question, 'Am I my brother's keeper?' the democratic nations of the world, our country among them, answered: 'No.'" She concluded her talk with these words: "Some action must be taken at once. If it is not, within a few months six million people will have been murdered, and the nations of the world will not be able to escape the charge of being accomplices in the bleakest crime in history." My grandmother spoke English beautifully, of course, She pronounced the 'h' in "white" in diction so precise that my friend Rochelle's mother, a survivor of Auschwitz, told her that she had improved her newly acquired English by listening to my grandmother's broadcasts. In 1945 she won the Canadian Woman's Press Club Memorial Award for a radio broadcast titled "The Post-War Woman." It was the first time in its 10-year history that the award was given in the field of radio writing. "Trade between nations, tariffs, inflation—these are matters that affect the welfare and happiness of every home—these are not remote questions only for the minds of statesmen," said my grandmother. "…If a democracy is to succeed, every citizen must be intelligent and responsible; must have the knowledge and information to take part in self-government. Otherwise what is the use of women's long struggle for the vote?" In February 1947, she traveled to Lake Success, New York, to cover the United Nations Status of Women Commission at the first formal session of the U.N. Bub went to the U.N. annually for several years afterward, broadcasting on the position of women around the world. Writing and broadcasting were not, however, the sole domain of my grandmother's accomplishments. Bub was one of twelve women to take M & P (Math and Physics) at the University of Toronto, graduating with a B.A. in 1921. In 1926, pregnant with her second child, she completed the formal requirements for a Ph.D. in physics, the first woman and first Jew to receive a doctorate in physics from U of T. Her thesis, titled "On the Characteristic X-Rays from Light Elements," had been published in 1924 in the Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada. She returned to the Physics Department in 1941, where she worked three days a week as a demonstrator in the lab until 1968. My grandfather, Meyer, who adored her and was proud of all she achieved, was distressed not by her working but because he thought her starting pay—$1.50 an hour—far too low. Naturally, whenever we had a question about homework, Bub was the person to call. One of the many assets of being a grandchild of Mattie Rotenberg was being able to tell your teacher that your grandmother had helped you solve a physics problem. I have a photograph of her in 1987, at age 90, sitting in a computer course among people less than half her age. Bub was an exceptional woman not only by the standards of her era, but by ours. She and my grandfather were observant Jews. They raised their five children to believe that you could be an observant Jew and do anything. In the 1930s, when my mother and uncles were young, there were signs in the countryside outside Toronto that read: "No Jews and dogs allowed." Nevertheless, my grandparents invented for their family a unique culture of observant Anglo-Saxon aristocracy, illuminated by reason and bolstered by learning. Their children and grandchildren were brought up to have a patrician pity for anyone who did not understand that being observant while participating deeply in the world was the richest possible path. Committed to their children's being knowledgeable Jews, my grandparents were passionate about Jewish education. When her oldest son reached kindergarten age in 1929, Bub realized that the conventional Talmud Torah education was not sufficient. Despite opposition to "segregating" children in day school and parents who said, "Why learn Hebrew? I don't want my child to be a rabbi," Bub founded the Hillcrest Progressive School, the first Jewish day school in Toronto. She was the director of Hillcrest for years and remained active until 1944, when her youngest son left the school. All of Bub's and Gramps's grandchildren went to day schools; their great-grandchildren have as well. Although Toronto now has outstanding day schools, Bub was the pioneer. If you interviewed my grandmother about her life, she would tell you promptly that family was always her chief priority. She held the Chanukah and Purim parties every year. She came to stay with us when our parents were on a trip or having a baby. She baked her famous "Bubba buns," cinnamon yeast rolls we devoured. The older grandchildren were lucky enough to be taken on trips with her, singly or in pairs, to New York, Montreal, Washington, California or Israel. She worried incessantly about her grandchildren's financial security, as befit a woman born very poor who married into a wealthy family that lost its money in the stock market crash of 1929. (When she urged all of us to become chartered accountants, we simply laughed.) Grandchildren who moved away from Toronto received her weekly carbon-copy letter, telling family news and descriptions of her day, with apologies for their dullness—she who could make even the weather sound compelling. She was not a conventionally demonstrative person, although she had a weakness for babies. To me, there was something restful in her dispassion. If I told her I missed her when I called her from New York, she said immediately: "No you don't." She was the revered matriarch not only of her immediate descendants but honored by an enormous extended family. (My mother had 43 first cousins.) Bub had a magisterial mind and a cool, anti-psychological disposition. "Pull up a plant by the roots," she would say, "and you kill the plant." Without self-deprecation, she was still so modest about her attainments that she would not have cared for this article. "I was always glad to have done it," she told my mother when asked if she enjoyed broadcasting. I cannot remember her uttering a boastful word, or indeed drawing attention to herself. And yet anyone who met her recognized her stature within minutes. She was stalwart, even-keeled and singularly uncomplaining, but she did not suffer fools gladly and could get deliciously acerbic about what she viewed as stupidity or lack of enlightenment. Bub was not, however, the kind of woman who believed her accomplishments proved that society was equitable. On the contrary, she was very sensitive to injustice to women. She would tell me, in anguish, of the doctor, considered the best gynecologist of the day, who informed her mother after her seventh child was born that she had a heart murmur and should not have more children. When my great-grandmother pleaded with him to tell her how to prevent conception, the doctor said he could not; it was against the law. Bub's beloved mother was bedridden by her mid-50s and died at 61, worn out from pregnancy and the incessant labor of poverty. On the other hand, Bub was sufficiently of her generation to tell me while I sat next to her at my wedding: "Take care of your husband." I was 10 years old when I first realized her magnitude. Until then, I had vaguely longed for a grandmother who would buy me presents and dote on me. I remember vividly the day I stood outside the door of her apartment, about to visit her, when her distinction burst into my consciousness as a revelation. "There's nobody like her," I said to myself with a fascination that has not abated. Today I think about the fact that Bub remembered the parade up University Avenue in Toronto marking the death of Queen Victoria in 1901, grew up in an era when women could not vote, and lived to see the feminist movement and the beginning of the Information Age. Knowing her for much of my adult life has given me a taste for the intimate texture of history. I remember when a one-pound tin of salmon cost five cents. I can see those printed lists, name after name read with trepidation, that annotated the slaughter of Canadian soldiers on the blood-drenched European fields of WWI. I can hear the professor who, entering the university lecture hall in which Bub and the other 11 women students sat in the first row, opened his address with the words: "Good morning, gentlemen." My grandmother was a clipper and filer. It is typical that in the last decade of her life she could retrieve and read aloud to a visitor the warm note she received from her grade-six teacher when she graduated from college in 1921. Because of Bub, I clip any New York Times obituary of a woman scientist, especially if her most important discovery was overlooked for decades. Bub would have understood exactly how such a wrong could happen—and it would have rankled her. My grandfather died in 1958, when Bub was 61. She kept her sorrow to herself, but spoke toward the end of her life of her pleasure in the 90th birthday celebration my uncle and aunt organized in Florida. So great was her belief in family that she allowed us to "make a fuss" over her, overcoming her embarrassment at being the focus of attention. "It was a wonderful event," she said afterward with uncharacteristic emotion. The gathering included members of four generations—Bub's siblings, children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren. "I only wish Meyer were there," she concluded. On March 17, 1992, our second child, a daughter, was born. Replete with gratitude, I called my parents in Toronto to tell them we had decided to name her Mattie. The Jewish tradition of naming a life that has entered our world for a soul that has departed is mystically restorative. It is because of Bub that I can talk to my son about what Jewish women can be in a way that is not theoretical and not bitter. It is because of Bub that when my daughter came home from first grade to report that girls in her class were already declaring themselves "so bad in math," I could state with conviction: "Nobody named for Mattie Rotenberg will ever say those words!" Anecdotes like the following make me mute: One Erev Pesach my grandmother demonstrated physics at the University of Toronto for three hours, went to the radio studio to tape a live broadcast, taped two more broadcasts for the upcoming days of Yom Tov, and came home to make seder. My mother asked her, shortly before she died: "If it were possible in your day for a woman to have a full-time career, would you have done it?" Bub replied: "Not if it meant not having a family." I do work full time, but my grandmother lives within me. When I spoke to a close friend of my longing, in my 40s, to have a third child, her initial response was laughter. Then she said: "It makes sense. You come from a family that really believes in having children." I felt Bub's blessing at our daughter's Simchat Bat ceremony. In writing about the issue of gender and Jewish day schools, I said of my grandmother: "She is not only a private figure for me to emulate but a contributor to the history of our people. She represents a commitment to traditional Jewish life and a commitment to fulfilling all the gifts God gave her. Incorporating the story of such women into the curriculum of Jewish schools is not a parochial retrieval project for feminists but a righting of the balance for all Jews." The most potent way I can make the case that my grandmother's example contributes to a different future not only for Jewish women but for Jewish men is to close with this story: My uncle David, Bub's fourth child, had been a widower for several years; my cherished aunt, Cecile, died too young, at 57. Determined not to marry simply to "have someone make Shabbes dinner for me," he was alone until he was introduced to Riva by his daughter. Very early in their acquaintance, Riva explained to my uncle that one reason she, too, had remained alone after her husband's death was that she was an independent woman who ran her own business and did not take kindly to most of the men she met, who felt entitled to be domineering. My uncle addressed that issue simply and conclusively. "Let me tell you about my mother," he said. I am in debt to my cousin, David Golinkin, who in his eulogy for my grandmother—11 Marchesvan, 5750, November 9, 1989—collected family reminiscences of Bub into a beautiful talk from which I drew several of these stories. My uncle Aubey encouraged me to listen to tapes my grandmother made through the 1980s, told me his stories as Bub's oldest child, and checked my facts against his own prodigious memory, as did my uncle Danny. Aubey and Menorah Rotenberg and my mother helped me in my quest for photographs. My mother, Lailla Rotenberg Rapoport, also read this narrative with care. These words are a tribute to the way she and my father have transmitted to me my grandparents' path of joyful devotion. http://jwa.org/weremember/rotenberg